Q:

According to statistics reported on CNBC, a surprising number of motor vehicles are not covered by insurance (CNBC, February 23, 2006). Sample results, consistent with the CNBC report, showed 46 of 200 vehicles were not covered by insurance.a. What is the point estimate of the proportion of vehicles not covered by insurance?b. Develop a 95% confidence interval for the population proportion.

Accepted Solution

A:
Answer: a) 0.23. b) 0.1716 to 0.2884Step-by-step explanation:A.)Point estimate is just the proportion of 46/200 = 23/100 = 0.23 B.)95 % percent confidence interval is from 2.5 % to 97.5 % leaving ninety five percent in the middle P(z<Z) = 0.975 Z = 1.96 mean = 0.23standard deviation of a proportion = sqrt ( p*(1-p) ) = sqrt (0.23*(1- 0.23)) = 0.420832508C1 (lower) = mean - Z_crit*standard deviation/ sqrt(N) C1 (Lower) = 0.23 - 1.96*0.420832508/sqrt(200) = 0.17167559C2 (High) = 0.23 +1.96*0.420832508/sqrt(200) = 0.28832441 Furthermore, If the exact values are from .0.17167559 to 0.28832441 , then from 0.1717 to 0.2883 includes slightly less than 95 % while 0.1716 to 0.2884 includes slightly more than 95%